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Animals play an important role in many people’s lives. Pet, is any animal kept by human beings as a source of companionship and pleasure. While a pet is generally kept for the pleasure that it can give to its owner, often, especially with horses, dogs, and cats, as well as with some other animals, this pleasure appears to be mutual.

Thus, pet keeping can be described as a symbiotic relationship, one that benefits both animals and human beings. As the keeping of pets has been practiced from prehistoric times to the present and as pets are found in nearly every culture and society, pet keeping apparently satisfies a deep, universal human need. The better we understand the human-animal bond, the more we can use it to improve people’s lives.

Nothing compares to the joy of coming home to a loyal companion. The unconditional love of a pet can do more than keep you company. Pets may also decrease stress, improve heart health, and even help children with their emotional and social skills. This article summarizes what is known and not known about how animals help improve the health and well-being of people, and what the implications might be for helping people who don’t have pets of their own.



The best pets are those that make great companions. When it comes to choosing a pet for the home, it’s good to know the different types of pets available to choose from. There are small pets, reptile pets, cute pets, house pets and mini pets. The choice is practically seem endless. There are many different types of pets that could be right for you and be a wonderful complement to your life. Your pet choice should be based on what sort of animal suits your personality, works best with your lifestyle, and matches your needs.

Let’s take a look at the most common types of pets to choose from:


Everyone knows that dogs are man’s best friend, and for good reason. They are loyal, charming and quite lovable. Children love them and they make a great addition to any family. Remember, as a dog owner you must properly care for the animal. Some pets can be left to their own devices for a day or two, but that’s not the case with dogs. You have to really care for your pet and love it, feed it, walk it, take the time to train your dog properly and provide it a good home.


Cats also make a fantastic pet, and the beauty of this majestic animal is that it’s quite independent. Depending on your particular needs, you can have an indoor or an outdoor cat. Indoor cats certainly require much more attention than an outdoor cat, but ultimately they are very easy to care for in either circumstance. As far as small pets go, cats are easy to care for and they do not require as much attention as dogs. You can leave a cat home alone for one night as long as there’s enough food and water available. It would be a good idea to change the litter box before going out for the night.


This is another very popular one of many house pets. You’ll need to feed them, change the water at certain times, and clean the tank every once in a while. But other than that, fish can ultimately be left to their own devices. They make great pets and they really add flair to your home decor.

Box Turtles

As far as small pets for apartments go, box turtles are excellent choices. Kids really love them and they’re very easy to care for. Plus, if you let it out to play with your kids on the rug, you don’t have to worry about it running very far or getting away from you. Ever heard the phrase slows a turtle? This is a great pet for those who do not want to chase around animals all day long. They are perfect for children eight and older, and they can live up to 40 years.


Some people even call them pocket pets because they are so small in size. They are furry, cute and very friendly. Hamsters typically live about two or three years, and it’s a great pet for children eight years of age or older. Hamsters are typically lowmaintenance pets but proper care is essential to keeping it happy and healthy. They treat fresh water and eat commercial pellets so they’re very easy to feed. They're considered good starter pets for kids when they're not quite ready for a more demanding animal, like a dog. This is especially true since hamsters can easily entertain themselves for hours.


Kids love rabbits. There’s no question about it. They are cute, fuzzy, playful and ultimately fun to be around. It’s great to watch them hop around the house, and it’s a delight to see a child’s face light up as they watch their favorite pet bunny hop by as it’s doing its thing. Rabbits are also a lot of fun for kids because they get to cuddle with them. They are very similar to cats in that nature, but it’s a more exotic pet that kids will truly enjoy. Parents like them as well because it’s pretty easy to clean up after a rabbit, and it’s simple to water and feed. So you won’t have much trouble in that department.


When it comes to pets that are very easy to care for and cost-effective, birds truly take the cake. There’s no comparison when it comes to the amount of care and money needed to take care of this beautiful creature. It will cost a lot less to own pet birds than just about any other pet. Birds are very social creatures. They are often caged so most people do not realize this. But they are often as social as cats and dogs, and in many cases they are much more social than pet rabbits.

Green Iguanas

Green iguanas make another great pet. They are beautiful, intriguing and very simple to care for. As a pet owner looking for small house pets, this is definitely an excellent option. Small reptile pets are perfect for children and adults living in a small house or apartment. They do not take up a lot of room, they do not roam around all that often and they do not need too much space. It’s a great pet for those who have challenges with the amount of space available.


1) They make sure you’re never lonely

If you live by yourself, or your partner works different shift patterns to you, it can get awfully lonely at home – unless you have a pet, of course! Cats and dogs make great companions, they’ll always be waiting for you to come home and they’ll be happy to lend an ear should you want to moan about the awful day you’ve had. Plus, most of the time, they’re up for a snuggle on the sofa.

2) They lower your stress levels

Modern life is stressful and high levels of anxiety can lead to numerous health problems. Luckily, pets can really help us relax – stroking your cat or simply watching fish swim around in a tank can make your worries melt away. Previous studies have proven that pet owners tend to have lower blood pressure, cholesterol and triglyceride levels than people who don’t own a pet. That means having a furry pal can decrease the chances of suffering a heart attack later in life.

3) They can improve your immune system

Pets spend a lot of their time outside and therefore bring all sorts of dirt and germs into your home. This isn’t necessarily a bad thing though – the additional germs can help improve your immunity to colds and other mild illnesses. In fact, previous studies have shown that babies who live with a dog tend to experience fewer infections and are generally healthier than those who don’t.

4) They can teach kids responsibility

Every parent has heard the question ‘Can I have a pony/puppy/hamster?’ at some point in their child’s life. It’s no secret that kids love animals, and if they’re old enough, having one as a pet can actually teach them a lot of important skills. Not only will they learn the practical skills required to own a pet, such as cleaning out the cage, grooming and teaching tricks; they’ll also develop their nurturing and empathy skills, which are vital in later life.

5) Boost to mental wellbeing

Studies have found that dog owners are less likely to suffer from depression than those without pets and ownership can reduce stress and anxiety levels. Playing with a dog or cat can elevate levels of serotonin and dopamine, which calm and relax.

6) They make you feel safe

Not everyone likes being home alone, but having a cat or dog there can make you feel a lot safer. Plus, burglars are less likely to target a house that’s clearly home to a dog. Some breeds make excellent guard dogs and will even protect you when you’re out for a run or walk.

7) Pets prevent strokes

Pets, as we have learnt, are often associated with lots of health benefits. It is scientifically believed that if you have a cat at home, you are about 30 percent less likely to have stroke or cardiovascular problems. Pets are also believed to help you recover faster from heart attacks and other such serious ailments. Pets keep you in a routine and playing with them or having them in the vicinity can help stimulate your mind, which makes you less prone to depressions and thoughts of pain associated with chronic disease.

8) They can provide companionship to children with learning difficulties

Children with autism and similar learning disorders often find it difficult talking to fellow human beings, but they have no problem at all with chatting away to friendly animals. After all, your pets can’t answer back and will always keep your secrets!

9) Pets inculcate educational values

Besides all the fun and happiness that pets bring into the house, they also bring along many educational benefits for both children and adults. Owning a pet allows you and your kids to understand how to love, be responsible and grow in trust with each other. Good feeding and exercising habits of you and your pet can inculcate that same habit of daily care in your child too. With pets, children also learn basic lessons on building a strong character like loyalty.

10) They help you remain fit and healthy

Having a pet at home you are compelled to be on your toes at all times. No matter how lethargic you are in your daily life, you have to get up and walk your dog early in the morning, and sometimes in the evening. Pets make you more agile in the house, they expect you to play with them, be concerned for them. You have to make feeding and playing with pets a routine. All this not only keeps you in some kind of a daily routine but also helps you in keeping healthy and fit.

Whether cat, dog, bird, rabbit or hamster, pets just make us feel better! They add quality and years to our lives. Pets dramatically help alleviate loneliness, which is one of the most damaging risk factors for people recovering from heart disease and other ailments. This may be the reason why pet owners who suffer from heart attacks are likely to have five times the survival rate of patients who do not own pets.

Difficult periods in life, including the loss of a loved one, are easier to deal with if you have pets because they act as emotional lifesavers in helping us adapt and adjust. Most pets give unconditional love and affection, which brings about a sense of worth and responsibility when caring for them. Long overdue studies now confirm what we have known for many years: that the company of a pet can be of benefit in a variety of ways.

The following are the summarize of the positive effects pets have on people:


These are some of the most important benefits of pet ownership for everyone. Not only do pets encourage responsibility, compassion, and improve health, but they also help us learn about life and death and they teach us about bonding and nurturing. So if you have been thinking about getting a pet for you and your family, consider adopting a homeless animal from your local shelter or rescue group. It is almost certain that you will not regret it!

If you’ve decided that owning a pet is right for you, congratulations: you’re about to open your life to a unique and rewarding relationship. While people who have pets tend to be happier, more independent, and feel more secure than those without pets, it’s important to select the type of pet that best suits your needs and lifestyle. Looking after a pet is a big responsibility, but when you consider all the benefits above, they make all that hard work worthwhile. Whether you choose to keep a cat, dog, horse or hamster, they’ll make a great companion.


Anderson, Prof. Robert K. "The Changing Status of Animals and Human-Animal Bonds." CENSHARE -- The University of Minnestoa. 09/06/2019.

Hodai, Beau. "Study: Dogs improve health of their human companions." 09/06/2019.

McCartney, Dr. Jennifer. "Vet Talk: Health Benefits of Pet Ownership." 09/06/2019.

Mood Letter. "Pets and Mental Wellness." 12/06/2019.

National Institute of Health. "Can Pets Keep You Healthy? Exploring the Human-Animal Bond." 12/06/2019.

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